This is the complete user manual. See the link below for the quick start guide.
Compatible with Windows 7, 8, 10, and 11.
Les Ferch, firstname.lastname@example.org
GitHub repository created 2021-03-26, last updated 2023-11-04
WinSetView provides an easy way to set Windows File Explorer default folder views. For example, if you want Details view, with a particular selection of column headings enabled across all folders, then WinSetView will do that for you. WinSetView sets registry values, as discussed in various websites online, that Explorer will use to let you get the folder views set up just the way you want. It does NOT modify File Explorer or add any tasks or services.
WinSetView is comprised of two main files: WinSetView.exe (HTML application) and WinSetView.ps1 (PowerShell command line script) and numerous supporting files (see the Files section below for details). Double-click WinSetView.exe to start the app.
Clicking Submit passes your choices as an INI file to WinSetView.ps1 which will make the registry changes and then restart Explorer.
Each option, and related Explorer background information, is detailed below, but if you just want to get to it, the interface is pretty much self-explanatory. For best results, close all open applications before running WinSetView. Open applications can prevent open/save dialog views from being updated.
All changes made by WinSetView are per-user within the HKEY_CURRENT_USER hive in the registry. No machine settings are touched and no elevated privileges are required. On each run, WinSetView makes a unique backup file of the affected registry values. A restore option is provided allowing you to rollback to any of these backups. There’s also an option to completely reset all Explorer views to Windows default values.
Note: For USB-connected phones and tablets, WinSetView provides an option to have them displayed in the same view as generic (General Items) folders (e.g. Details view), but it cannot control the Details view column headings for such devices.
Note: For Windows 7 and 8, some of the icons used in the program will differ from Windows 10 and 11 due to issues with those older Windows versions being able to display all Unicode characters.
Note: Nothing in Windows is changed, and no settings are saved, until the Submit button is pressed. Feel free to experiment with the WinSetView interface and just X out and restart the app to get back to where you started. Display options such as font, font size, and theme are also saved to the INI file and are therefore also only saved when you click Submit. Only the WinSetView window size and position are saved automatically when you click X to exit the app.
Click the Help button to bring up a short tutorial for non-technical users. The tutorial also includes a link to this manual.
WinSetView now remembers its window size and position. Click the re-center button to move and resize the WinSetView window back to its default of centered, full height on the primary display. Pressing any function key (i.e. F1 - F12) will also re-center the window. This can be handy if WinSetView has loaded off-screen (e.g. due to a change of monitors or their position).
Select an interface language for WinSetView. See the Language Support section below for details. This option does NOT change the Windows language.
Please note that changing language resets the display and loses any selections that have not been saved to the INI file (see Save Settings below).
Select Standard for the standard interface. Select Advanced to also see lesser-used features that may require reading this guide in order to understand their purpose.
Select a font and font size for the WinSetView interface. This has no affect on any setting in Windows.
The font list is read from the file Fonts.txt in the AppParts folder, which may be edited to include any font that is installed on your computer. The default list includes fonts that are typically found on all Windows computers and includes fonts to optimize the display for certain languages.
Adjust whether a long line in WinSetView is wrapped or scrolled horizontally. Values range from 1 (no horizontal scroll bar) to 9 (view port 9x wider than window). This has no affect on any setting in Windows.
Select a light or dark theme for the WinSetView display. Theme definitions are located in .\AppParts\Themes.ini. The provided themes can be edited and/or new themes can be added. Please note that pop-up dialogs have hard-coded light and dark themes.
When checked, and applied via Submit, this option clears the registry keys that hold Explorer views and restarts Explorer, causing all folder views to revert to Windows defaults. To use this option, check the box and then click Submit.
Note: The options Show file extensions and Enable compact view on Windows 11 are still applied when resetting to defaults. Be sure to set those options as desired.
Execute the PowerShell script to apply the selected options to the registry and restart Explorer. Do not click Submit when Explorer is busy copying/moving/deleting files.
When Submit is clicked, the current selections in WinSetView are saved to an INI file (Win10.ini on Windows 10 and 11) and that INI file name is passed to WinSetView.ps1.
Hold down the Alt key when clicking Submit to keep the PowerShell console open after completion of the script. This is useful for debugging if any errors appear in the PowerShell console window.
See the Background section for details on how Explorer view settings work and how this script sets Explorer view default values.
Open the Options menu. See the Options section for details.
Select and restore a backup file to return Explorer views to a previous state.
This button will appear after first run (i.e. after Submit has been clicked). Each time you click Submit, the PowerShell script makes a backup of the user’s Explorer view registry keys to a date-time-named file. The Restore button will bring up a dialog to let you pick a backup file to restore. Since it’s a standard file dialog, you can use the same interface to delete any unwanted backups by selecting them and right-clicking to get a Delete option.
For technical users, who wish to maintain multiple configurations, the Load Settings button is used to load WinSetView interface selections from a previously saved INI file.
For technical users, who wish to maintain multiple configurations, the Save Settings button is used to save WinSetView interface selections to an INI file.
Please note that the INI file that is read on WinSetView startup and saved upon clicking Submit, is Win10.ini in Windows 10 and 11, so typically, you will want to save to Win10.ini.
When running WinSetView on Windows 7 and 8.x, it will use Win7.ini and Win8.ini respectively. Windows 7 and 8 have separate INI files because they support a smaller set of folder types and column headings than Windows 10 and 11.
The Minimize, Maximize and Exit controls work as they do in any application. Please note that when X is clicked, the script will exit without savings your selections. Your selections are saved when you click Submit or manually by using the Save Settings button.
Set the Global (system-wide) views for Windows:
Use the View menu to select one of: Details, List, Tiles, Content, Small icons, Medium icons, Large icons, or Extra large icons
The Icon Size size menu will display the icon size if you have chosen one of the icon views. This value may be edited. For example, if you enter 72, you will get an icon size half-way between medium (48) and large (96). If you set a custom size, it will NOT change the definition of small, medium, large, or extra large.
Note: In Explorer, you can use Ctrl-Mouse-Scroll-wheel to set a custom icon size and you can use the Reset Folders option in the View options to reset the view, including the icon size, to the values you set in WinSetView.
Use the Columns button to select column headings, group by, and sort by options. See the Columns section below for further information.
The selected column headings for Details view are shown on a single line with each heading separated by a vertical bar. If many headings are selected and/or a large font is used, this line will wrap. To view this line without wrapping, use the horizontal scroll menu, as described above. Column headings shown in blue are only displayed in search result views. See the Options page to toggle this feature on or off.
The Group by and Sort by options apply to any view. Their current settings are shown on the main screen, but you must use the Columns button to change them.
You can group by any property in ascending or descending order, or turn off grouping altogether, which will be displayed as (None). Sorting can be set on one or more properties. A plus sign indicates ascending order and a minus sign indicates descending order.
The ⚙ (Options) button allows you to select a different view for File Open/Save dialogs. For example, if you have set List as your default view, but want Details in File Open/Save dialogs, this is where you would set that up.
Separate File Dialog views can be set under Global as well as under any specific folder type. This is an improvement over previous versions of WinSetView that only had one global File Dialog view settings in the Options menu.
Note that there is no need to set this option if you want Open/Save dialogs to have the same view you have already set for File Explorer.
Below the Global section in WinSetView are settings for each Explorer folder type. See below for more information about the different folder types. Each folder type has settings as described above for Global, but also has these additional settings:
Enable/Disable Check Box
To the left of each folder type is a checkbox that is normally checked. If the box is unchecked, no settings will be changed for that folder type. That is, it will retain it’s Windows default settings. This will NOT retain any user set views. Any folders of this type will revert to whatever the Windows default view is for that folder type.
If the Advanced interface is enabled, there is also a checkbox beside Global. This checkbox can be used to enable or disable ALL folder types with one click. This may be useful if you wish to leave the majority of folder types at their Windows default views and just set a select few to new default views.
The Inherit checkbox is very important. By default, this box is checked for all folder types. This means the folder type will get its settings from its parent folder type. With all Inherit boxes checked, all folder types will get the same settings as Global. Uncheck the Inherit box when you wish to have settings for a folder type that differ from its parent.
Please note that there are groups of folder types in WinSetView. For example, the parent of General Items is Global but the parent of General Items Library, General Items OneDrive, and General Items Search Results is the General Items folder type. The same pattern is true for Documents, Music, Pictures, Videos, and Contacts.
Inspect (🔍) (Advanced interface)
The 🔍 button is a feature for technical users that provides a quick, synchronized view of the folder type’s default values in HKLM compared to the current values (if any) set in HKCU by WinSetView.
Note: For power users who have their own comparison tool installed, such as WinMerge or Beyond Compare, a before/after comparison can be done by going to the Windows Temp directory and comparing the files WinSetView1.reg and WinSetView2.reg.
Click the Copy button to copy the settings for that folder type to the copy buffer.
Click the Paste button to replace the folder type’s settings with the settings in the copy buffer.
In Windows, there are five major folder types that most users are familiar with:
Any folder (or tree of folders) can be set to one of these folder types using Explorer’s Customize this folder… menu and the view settings for a particular folder type can be updated from the currently viewed folder by using Explorer’s Apply to Folders button. More information on these options is in the Background section later in this document.
In the Windows 10 FolderTypes registry key, there are actually 56 different folder types, of which 38 have view and column heading settings that can be edited by WinSetView. Ten of these folder types do not appear to affect anything useful or visible in Explorer, leaving 28 folder types that are shown in WinSetView.
Note: The file FolderTypes.txt file contains the list of all 38 of the editable folder types, but I have commented out 10 of those. If you see a reason why one or more of the commented out entries should be enabled for editing in WinSetView, please let me know.
As of Windows 10 1903, the Downloads folder is its own folder type. This is a good thing, but the default setting of group by date has been a source of frustration for many users. Although WinSetView will let you change this default, it was always in the user’s control to turn it off for the Downloads folder type. More details on this can be found in the Background section below.
You can leave Inherit checked and just let Downloads use your Global settings, or uncheck Inherit and select specific settings for this folder type. Be assured, either way, if you set Group by to (None) you will never see grouping in this folder again.
This is the folder type that applies to most folders on your computer’s storage devices. It’s also known as the Generic folder type. You will probably want to leave Inherit checked for this folder type to have it use your Global settings.
This folder type is for document files, such as Word and Excel files. For most users using the Global settings for documents works fine, but some users may want to uncheck Inherit on this folder type and add headings such as Authors or Owner.
This folder type is for music files, such as MP3s. Therefore, you may want to enable headings such as Rating, Bit rate, Length, Contributing Artists, and Genre.
This folder type is for pictures, such as JPGs. Many users like to set Pictures folders to a more visual display, such as large icons or add columns such as Dimensions to Details view. Uncheck Inherit if you want to set Pictures differently than your Global settings. If you want to have icons for Pictures folders in Explorer, but want List or Details view when opening or saving files in graphics programs, be sure to click the ⚙ (Options) button to set the view for Open and Save dialogs.
This folder type is for videos, such as MP4s and MKVs. The comments for the Pictures folder type also apply to the Videos folder type.
This folder can be found when you browse to your user folder in Windows. If you use Windows Contacts, your contacts will be shown here. A Details view with column headings such as E-mail address, Cell phone, Home address, etc. would make sense for this folder type. If you don’t use Windows Contacts, you can safely leave this folder type to use your Global settings.
Library folder types
Under each folder type listed above, there is a corresponding Library folder type. This controls the view you see when the folder is accessed via Libraries.
OneDrive folder types
Under each folder type listed above, except Contacts, there is a corresponding OneDrive folder type. This controls the view you see for folders on Microsoft OneDrive.
Search Results folder types
Under each folder type listed above, there is a corresponding Search Results folder type. This controls the view you see after doing a search. This is where a property, such as Folder path (or File location), is useful to show the path of any found item.
Note: Each of the folder type groups above (e.g. Pictures) is a family in WinSetView with the first member being the parent of the others. Therefore, for example, if you uncheck Inherit for the Music folder type and then edit its column headings, those settings will be inherited by all of the other Music folder types, as long as they have Inherit checked.
Home / Quick access
This folder type controls the view you see when clicking on the Home or Quick access item in Explorer’s left navigation pane. This folder type is also known as the Home Folder.
This folder type controls the view you see for your user folder (e.g. C:\Users\SomeUser).
User Files Search Results
This folder type controls the view of results you see when you search your user folder.
This folder type controls the view you see for the Searches item within your user folder.
Show File Extensions
By default, Windows hides file extensions for known file types. This is generally considered a bad idea for both usability and security (search the topic on the Internet for more details). Show File Extensions is checked by default in WinSetView.
Enable compact view in Windows 11
By default, Windows 11 spreads out items in list, details, and small icons views. This makes it easier to select items using a touch interface, at the expense of less information in the same space. Enabling compact view sets the spacing back to the tighter spacing used in Windows 10.
Classic context menu in Windows 11
When checked, the registry setting that restores the Windows 10 style context (right-click) menu will be applied.
No Internet in Windows search
When checked, the registry setting that makes Windows search local only (i.e. no Internet results) will be applied.
Disable search highlights
When checked, the registry settings that turns off search highlights will be applied.
Disable folder thumbnails
This option sets a registry value that tells Explorer to NOT create a thumbnail icon for folders. It has no effect on thumbnails for files.
Unhide the AppData folder
When checked, the hidden attribute is removed from the current user’s AppData folder. Unchecking the option re-applies the hidden attribute.
Enable Classic Search in Windows 10
When checked, Windows search will be reverted to the version prior to the release of Windows 10 1909. Classic search includes results as you type and Date modified: calendar and Size: category pop-ups.
Show paths in search results only
When this option is checked, path and folder name column headings in Details view are only shown in search results. Such headings are shown in blue. The following column headings are affected by this setting:
Folder path or File location (ItemFolderPathDisplay): Full path to the folder. Example: C:\Movies\Ghibli
Folder (ItemFolderPathDisplayNarrow): Folder name followed by preceding path. Example: Ghibli (C:\Movies)
Path (ItemPathDisplay): Full path to the file. Example: C:\Movies\Ghibli\Ponyo.mkv
Folder name (ItemFolderNameDisplay): The folder name only. Example: Ghibli
Tip: Select your preferred search result path column first and then select other headings, such as Date modified and Size. That way, when you do a search, the path of all matches will be visible without having to make the window larger.
Note: The path column will not appear when you search the Downloads folder because the Downloads folder type does not have an associated search results folder type.
Note: The Relevance column heading (Search.Rank property) is only shown in search results and is therefore always blue in WinSetView, regardless of this setting.
Use General Items view for connected devices
Connected devices, such as phones and tablets, normally open in Tiles view with no option to easily change the view. The Apply to folders option is grayed out (or available but does nothing) for such devices, requiring view changes to be done folder by folder. Enabling the Use General Items view for connected devices option causes such devices to open in the same view that has been set for General Items.
Only the view mode (e.g. List, Details, etc.) applies to the connected device. There is a separate set of column headings for such devices and no documented method to change the defaults.
Please note that this option actually causes all virtual folders, that share the General Items GUID, such as This PC, to be displayed with the same view as General Items. However, the separate view settings, available for This PC, can be used to override the General Items view.
Set view for “This PC”
If this option is checked, This PC will be set to the view selected. If this option is unchecked, this virtual folder will retain its Windows default of Tiles and group by Type.
Note: Because This PC does not have its own GUID, this option creates registry values (in the BagMRU/Bags keys) that would be the same as if you manually browsed to this folder and set the view. These settings are prone to returning to Windows defaults (see Apply to Folders “Bug” below).
Make All Folders Generic (Advanced interface)
This option sets a registry value that tells Explorer to make all folders to be type Generic (i.e. General Items).
This makes the Documents, Music, Pictures, and Videos folders generic. Those folders will retain their special icons, but they will otherwise be generic (e.g. column headings in Details view will be the same as General Items). This option has no effect on the Downloads folder.
Please note that, even with this setting enabled, you can still change any folders to type Documents, Music, Pictures, or Videos using Explorer’s Customize this folder… option. Any default views, you may have set for these folder types in WinSetView, would then apply.
Checking this option also causes Folder Type Discovery to be disabled. That’s the windows feature that automatically changes a folder’s type based on its contents. If you want your folder views to change with content, don’t check this item. If you want a consistent view across all folders, regardless of content, you may want to check this option.
Please note there is no separate setting for Folder Type Discovery. If you want Folder Type Discovery off, you must make all folders generic. However, as noted above, you can change any folder (or tree of folders) back to a specific folder type at any time.
Keep “Apply to Folders” Views (Advanced interface)
WinSetView provides individual settings for each folder type, making this setting unnecessary. For most users, it will be simpler to set all folder views in WinSetView and leave this option unchecked.
This option retains any folder views that have been saved using Explorer’s Apply to Folders button. With the earliest version of WinSetView, this was the only method available to keep some non-generic folder settings in addition to the Global settings. This option is now obsolete.
If you really want to use this option, be sure to use the Apply to Folders button in Explorer for each folder type view you want to set. That is, in Explorer, set your desired view for Downloads, then go to View, Options, Change folder and search options, View tab, and click Apply to Folders. Repeat those steps for Documents, Music, Pictures, and Videos. All of those views will then take precedence over any Global view set with WinSetView.
Note: If Make All Folders Generic is also checked, only Downloads, Libraries, and Search Results will get their views from any view saved via Explorer’s Apply to Folders button. Of course, if you later change a folder to type Documents, Music, Pictures, or Videos, it will then pick up the view settings that were saved using Apply to Folders.
Do not force standard grouping on Home / Quick Access (Advanced interface)
When this option is unchecked (default), the Home / Quick Access folder will always be grouped by Group. That is, the folder will have headings for pinned items, recent files, and recent folders.
When this option is checked, the grouping (and sorting) options displayed for Home / Quick Access will be applied.
WARNING: Setting grouping to (None) for Home / Quick Access is known to cause the pre-release App SDK version of File Explorer to crash. This may or may not be an issue with the production release.
Clicking the Columns button brings up the column (properties) selection page for the current folder type. Column headings, in Explorer Details view, correspond to file and folder properties.
The top left of the page includes the same Help and Re-center buttons that are found on the main page. This is followed by the column re-order button ⮀ and then the name of the currently selected folder type (or Global).
The top right of the page has a back button (🡨) that will take you back to the main page. Please note that clicking the X in the System menu bar will exit the application, just as it does on the main page.
Next, the currently selected column headings, that will display in File Explorer’s Details view, are shown on a single, scrollable line in the same order as they will appear in File Explorer.
Clicking the column re-order button ⮀ will bring up a dialog that will allow you to rearrange the column headings by dragging them up or down in the presented list.:
The column order can also be set by removing each column heading and then adding them back in the desired order, but it is easier to use the re-order dialog. Note that the re-order dialog will allow any order, but will display the following warning if the Name property is not the first column:
The issue with software that uses the “legacy” type dialogs (such as IrfanView) is that those type of dialogs assume that Name is always the first column. So, for example, if Size is set as the first column, and you are in any view other than Details, you will just see a bunch of icons with sizes and no names.
Below the column heading line is a scrollable table that includes of all the Details view column headings that can be selected in Explorer (over 300 on Windows 10 and 11). These items are shown in the language of your choice, exactly as they appear in Explorer. Hovering the mouse over any name will show its internal Windows property name.¹
The top row of the table consists of a fixed row of buttons for selecting Group by, Sort by, Width, Display, and Right-click options. Hovering the mouse over any heading button reveals the button’s description. The function of each of these buttons is described below.
¹ For those running WinSetView in a language other than English, the property name may appear to be showing the “English translation”, but that’s not correct. The property names are fixed internal Windows values and are not necessarily a direct match to the display name. For example, the property ItemFolderPathDisplayNarrow is shown in Explorer Details view as Folder in English or Ordner in German. The display names can also vary from one release to another. For example, the property Search.Rank is shown as Search ranking in Windows 7 and Relevance in Windows 10.
(⮬) (Group by)
This column will be disabled by default and the button at the top of the column will appear as an X. In this mode, no property is selected for grouping (i.e. Group by = None). To enable the column, click the X. The button will switch to (⮬) (for group by ascending) and a column of radio buttons will appear. Select the radio button beside the property you wish to group by. Only one property can be selected. Clicking the heading button again will switch to (⮯) (for group by descending). Clicking the heading button once more will hide the radio buttons and set grouping to none.
⮬ (Sort 1, Sort 2, Sort 3)
There are three Sort columns to allow sorting Explorer file/folder views on up to three different properties. Click a Sort column heading button to cycle between ascending (⮬), descending (⮯), or disabled (X). The first Sort column cannot be disabled. That is, at least one property must be selected for sorting. By default, Sort by is set to the Name (ItemNameDisplay) property in ascending order.
With a Sort column enabled (ascending or descending), click a radio button beside the property you wish to sort by.
Note: Sort 2 and Sort 3 are used to create a multi-level sort. If Sort 1 is set to something unique, such as Name, there is no point in setting a Sort 2 or Sort 3. However, if Sort 1 is set to something non-unique, such as Type, then Sort 2 could be set to something else, such as Date modified or Name to create a two-level sort. A three level sort could be set up for Music folders with something like Artist for Sort 1, Album for Sort 2, and Title for Sort 3.
Note: Prior to WinSetView 2.76 there were four Sort columns, but it has been determined that Windows only supports up to 3 sort levels via the FolderTypes registry key (that’s used to set the default folder views) even though it’s possible to set four sort levels via the File Explorer GUI by Shift-clicking column headings.
⟷ (Column Width)
This column allows you to set the default width for each property (column heading). For example, you can use this setting to make the Name column wider than the default of 34 ems.
The value is specified in ems. 1 em ≈ 1 char
Em size is relative to screen scaling. For example (at 96 dpi):
1 em at 100% = 8 pixels
1 em at 125% = 10 pixels
1 em at 150% = 12 pixels
Explorer uses ems internally for all its default column widths. This keeps the amount of text displayed in each column constant as screen scaling is changed.
Please note that you can set the width as small as 1em, but Explorer will expand the column width to it’s minimum allowed value when you drag the column width control in Explorer Details view. The minimum value cannot be overridden.
If you wish to enter the column width in pixels, hold Alt and click the input width field you wish to adjust. A dialog will open showing the width in pixels:
The pixel value will vary depending on screen pixel density, whereas the value in ems will be constant across different display configurations. Please note that WinSetView sets the column default width which can only be set to whole (integer) em values. Windows File Explorer lets you set the width down to the pixel, but that is stored as a setting within the volatile Bags registry key overriding the default value. WinSetView deals with default settings only.
If you click the ⟷ column heading button, it will prompt with an option to clear all column width fields.
⋮⋮⋮ (Display in Details View)
This column provides checkboxes to allow you to select which column headings are displayed in Details view. Any column selected for Details view also becomes a quick-pick item when you right-click in the column heading bar in Explorer. Therefore, when you select an item in this column, it also checks the item in the Add to Right-Click Menu column.
If you uncheck an item in this column, it does not uncheck the item in the Add to Right-Click Menu column because an item can be available for quick-pick without being an active column heading.
Column Order: The order in which the selected columns are displayed in File Explorer is shown at the top of the screen. Click the ⮀ re-order button to change the order. The order can also be changed by unchecking each item and then rechecking them in the desired order.
Click the ⋮⋮⋮ column heading to quickly uncheck all selected column headings.
⋮ (Add to Right-Click Menu)
This column provides checkboxes to allow you to select which column headings are available for quick-pick when you right-click in the column heading bar in Explorer Details view.
The Explorer limit for the quick-pick menu is 21 items, so WinSetView will not allow you to select more than 21 items in this column. If you hit this limit, you will see this message:
Just click OK to close the message. Adjust your selections as necessary. You can’t pick more than 21.
If you click the ⋮ column heading button, it will prompt with an option to clear all selections in the column. This will clear all selections that are NOT also selected in the Display in Details View column. Hold down the Alt key while clicking the button to completely clear both columns (except for the Name property).
There are over 300 different file/folder properties available to select in Explorer Details view. These same properties are available to select in WinSetView. Please note that the display name for each property is shown in WinSetView exactly as it appears in Explorer. Some of these names are ambiguous. For example, the name Status appears three times. In the Columns page, you can move the mouse over any display name to see its internal property name, but often that still doesn’t help explain it. For example, what exactly does Link status display? Some of the less obvious properties are related to certain Office applications, but some are a complete mystery. Just use the ones that work for you and ignore the rest.
In addition to the path-related properties explained earlier, here are explanations of some other common properties:
Date Modified: The last date/time the file was updated on this file system.
Date Created: This is the date/time the file was initially written to storage.
Date accessed: Date file was last opened (rarely accurate due to deferred updates).
Size: The file size in KB or MB
Attributes: File attributes such as Archive[A], Hidden[H], System[S], Read-only[R]
File Version: Applicable to files that have a version header, such as .exe files
Owner: File owner in computer\userid format
Item type: The file’s type based on file extension. Example: MPEG Layer 3
Type: Usually same as Item type, but may show associated app name in search results.
Perceived type: File category. Examples: Audio, Video
Kind: Similar to Perceived type. Examples: Music, Video
Content type: Essentially Perceived type + Item type. Example: audio/mpeg
File extension: Example: .mp3 (handy for sorting if you don’t need a type field)
Note: The File extension column heading is not available on Windows 7.
In addition to the two main files: WinSetView.exe (HTML application), and WinSetView.ps1 (PowerShell command line script) the following folders and files are included:
This folder contains INI files which hold the options selected with the WinSetView interface. Due to the folder type and column heading (property) lists differing among Windows versions, there are separate INI files for Windows 7, 8, and 10. Windows 11 uses the same settings file as Windows 10.
This folder will also contain a Backups folder after first run containing REG files that can be used with the Restore option to rollback to a previous state of Explorer view settings.
For system administrators and power users, please note that the WinSetView.ps1 script will accept one INI file or one REG file as a command line parameter. You can also pass INI files to WinSetView.ps1 using WinSetView.vbs (which may be moved from Tools to AppData).
Please note, for system administrators setting up new user profiles, it may be more efficient to capture the results of WinSetView to a REG file and apply that file using the command reg import filename.reg rather than running WinSetView for each new user. Two different scripts for capturing Explorer view settings to a REG file are provided in the Tools folder. See below for more details.
This folder contains files that are used by WinSetView.exe.
Fonts.txt contains a list of fonts to display in the WinSetView font selection menu.
Themes.ini contains the WinSetView light and dark themes. This file can be edited to change the existing themes or add new themes.
This folder must exist and contain the en-US folder and language files in order to run WinSetView.exe. All other language folders are optional. This folder is not needed for WinSetView.ps1.
WinSetView does NOT need the Tools folder to run. It contains supplemental tools for system administrators and power users.
PowerShell script for backing up and restoring all Explorer view related settings. System administrators can use WinSetBack.ps1, after running WinSetView and making any further manual view settings, to back up all view settings to a single REG file. The REG file can be applied to a new user account with a simple REG IMPORT command. This approach will not work for updating profiles that are already in use (unless it’s combined with code to delete the user’s Bags/BagMRU registry keys to clear the existing saved views).
For those who prefer to go old school. This does the same thing as WinSetBack.ps1 except that it saves the backup to the desktop instead of the script’s directory.
Whereas WinSetBack.ps1 captures ALL Explorer view-related keys, CaptureCustom.vbs captures only the BagMRU, Bags, and Control Panel keys to provide a supplemental file for use with WinSetView.
This script captures Explorer view settings that can’t be set in WinSetView, such as Recycle Bin and Control Panel views. First run WinSetView to set your desired Explorer default view settings. Next, set Recycle Bin, Control Panel, etc. to your desired views and close those windows. Then run CaptureCustom.vbs. It will export the ControlPanel, BagMRU, and Bags keys to a file named CaptureCustom.reg.
Rename CaptureCustom.reg to WinSetViewCustom.reg and place it in the AppData folder to have it applied by WinSetView. WinSetView.ps1 will import the file WinSetViewCustom.reg after all other settings are applied. This will override any settings applied by WinSetView!
Please, if you don’t know what you’re doing, avoid this level of customization!
If you cannot run WinSetView.exe on your computer, for whatever reason (e.g. VBScript is disabled), but you can run PowerShell scripts, then you can run WinSetView on another computer (obviously one where WinSetView does run), select your view preferences, and save those preferences to an INI file (Win10.ini for Windows 10 and 11). The preferences are saved automatically when you click Submit, but can also be saved manually using the Save Settings button available with the Advanced interface.
Once you have an INI file (e.g. Win10.ini) with your preferred defaults, it can be deployed to any user via PowerShell. For example:
If PowerShell script execution is not enabled, you can run the script using this command:
PowerShell -ExecutionPolicy ByPass .\WinSetView.ps1 .\AppData\Win10.ini
Note: If you wish to always enable script execution for the current user, the following command is generally recommended:
Set-ExecutionPolicy -ExecutionPolicy RemoteSigned -Scope CurrentUser
You can replace
Bypass for less security. For more details see the this page.
If you wish to apply the folder view default registry values generated by WinSetView to new user accounts, you can use the scripts described in the Tools Folder section to capture those registry values and then deploy them at first user logon via a simple Reg.exe command.
However, if you wish to apply the folder views defaults to not-new user profiles, applying the registry values alone will not work. The current Bags/BagMRU registry keys have to be deleted and Explorer restarted to get the new default views. In such cases, where you want to automate this procedure via the command line, follow the procedures described above under Typical Usage.
Folder views in Windows Explorer are both flexible and, sometimes, frustrating. Many users have reported their view settings getting inexplicitly reverted back to Windows defaults, especially as it concerns the Downloads folder. However, some of these frustrations may be due to a misunderstanding of how the views work.
In Explorer, there are separate views for each folder type and often multiple folders that point to the same physical location. See the Downloads Folder section below for more details on this topic. Understanding Explorer’s Apply to Folders, Reset Folders, and Customize this folder… features is key to getting control over Explorer’s folder views.
WinSetView makes it much easier to get the views you want in Explorer across all folders, but it’s still useful to understand how to set the views using Explorer only.
The Apply to Folders button can be found in View, Options, Change folder and search options, View tab. Many users interpret this button to mean “Apply to ALL folders”. That’s not what it means. It actually means “Apply to all folders that are the same type as the current folder”.
This button can be used to set a consistent view for a given folder type, such as the Pictures or Downloads folder types. It does not, however, provide an option to set folders of different types to a single global view.
Note: The Apply to Folders button does NOT reset any file dialog views that have been previously opened. This is another reason to use WinSetView to reset views consistently.
The Reset Folders button can be found in the same place as the Apply to Folders button. It will reset all folders, that are the same type as the current folder, to Windows default views for that folder type.
If WinSetView was used to set the folder type default views, Reset Folders will revert the folder views to the settings you selected in WinSetView.
The Customize this folder… menu item allows you to change the current folder (and optionally all of its subfolders) to one of the five major folder types. This can be used in any standard folder, but cannot be used in special folders, such as libraries.
To use this option, click in a folder’s white space, select Customize this folder…, select the desired folder type, such as Pictures, from the menu, check Also apply this template to all subfolders (if you want the change to apply to subfolders), and then click Apply. This will change the folder’s type and it will then be displayed using the view settings for that folder type.
Note: Windows 11 currently has some bugs in regards to the Customize this folder… feature. There are issues with both “Local Disks” (such a C:) and “removable” drives, such as flash drives. On “Local Disks”, Windows 11 File Explorer aggressively applies automatic folder type discovery making it impossible to override the automatically detected folder type. On removable drives (ones that are NOT “Local Disk”) Windows 11 File Explorer will ignore attempts to set an entire folder tree to the folder type of your choice, leaving the folders set to type “General items”. You can, usually, set the folder type by setting one folder at a time.
Until Microsoft releases a fix for these issues, one option is to install the program StartAllBack and select the Windows 10 style ribbon option. This has the beneficial side-effect of eliminating the Windows 11 folder type setting bugs.
Without WinSetView, you can get closer to a global view by setting a generic folder, such as C:\, to your desired views and then use the Apply to Folders button to set all other generic folders the same. But, by default, there are many folders that are not generic folders. To get even closer to a global view, you can set a registry value that will make most folders become generic (i.e. type General items). That registry value is:
[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Classes\Local Settings\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Shell\Bags\AllFolders\Shell] "FolderType"="Generic"
With the above registry value set, changing the view for a generic folder, such as C:\, and then clicking the Apply to Folders button will also change the view for Documents, Music, Pictures, and Videos because they will all be General items (Generic) type folders.
Please note that the Generic registry setting has no affect on the Downloads folder. It will always remain its own unique folder type.
By default, Explorer has automatic folder type discovery enabled. This means Explorer will automatically change a folder’s type (and hence its view) based on its contents. The “FolderType”=”Generic” registry entry, described above, also disables automatic folder type discovery. This setting is applied by WinSetView when you select the Make All Folders Generic option.
If you want the folders Pictures, Videos, etc. to have the same view as General Items, then it will make sense to check the Make All Folders Generic option in WinSetView. However, if you want different views for these folders, it’s probably not worth the trouble to check Make All Folders Generic just to turn off automatic folder type discovery. See this topic in the FAQ section for more details.
Many users have been frustrated by the default setting of the Downloads folder type that groups files by Date Modified. After finding the Group by setting and changing it to (None) they are frustrated to see the grouping “come back”. In most cases, the Group by setting did not come back, but the user is simply looking at a different view of the Downloads folder. That’s where the confusion about Explorer’s folder type design comes into play.
It’s logical to assume that if one sets the view for a folder it shouldn’t matter how ones gets to that folder, but in Explorer it does. A different route to a folder will sometimes mean that you are actually opening a different folder that points to the same place. Since it’s a different folder, it has it’s own view. However, all of these different folders are of the same folder type so, all that’s required to set Group by to (None) for all of them is to set one and then use Explorer’s Apply to Folders button to apply the change to all folders of the same type. This is the vital step that many users miss.
While most users are simply annoyed by seeing a folder, such as Downloads, appear with different views, depending on how they get there, having the option to have different views permanently set up to the same location can be useful.
For example, you may find it useful to set Pictures to Details view with column headings, such as Dimensions and Tags, enabled and then set Pictures Library to large icons. This will give you the option to see any folder within Pictures in two different views without having to set that up every time.
Whenever you use the Apply to Folders button, on any generic folder, such as C:\, your views for This PC (and USB connected phones and possibly other virtual folders) will revert back to Windows defaults. If you always leave This PC (and other devices) at their default views, this is not an issue, but if you have changed the views and want to keep them changed, avoid using Apply to Folders on generic folders. Instead, use WinSetView if you want to change your General Items (generic) folder view settings.
No. It shows the view settings that have been configured in the currently loaded settings file (e.g. Win10.ini). The idea is that the app is portable (e.g. run from anywhere such as a flash drive, server, etc.) so that you can easily apply your preferred folder views to a new computer or new user or reapply your preferred views whenever necessary.
No. Although this is “possible” in theory, it’s impractical to implement as the data to be extracted is stored in a binary format that Microsoft has not publicly documented.
Yes. Enable the Advanced interface, click Load Settings, and then select the file Win10-Microsoft-Defaults.ini.
That option only applies your changes to folders of the same type. Explorer has many folder types, (e.g. Downloads, Pictures, Search Results, etc.), requiring you to set your desired view options repeatedly. Additionally, many users encounter situations where their selected options are reverted back to Windows defaults for no obvious reason and “Apply to Folders” does not reset the views for Open and Save dialogs. WinSetView allows you to make quick global changes to your view settings that will stick permanently because it sets default views (per user).
Yes. See the section above that describes the Keep “Apply to Folders” Views feature. However, you may find it easier to leave this option unchecked and set your desired views for all folder types in WinSetView.
No. WinSetView creates a copy of the Windows folder view defaults, edits that copy, and applies it to the current user. The changes do not affect other users and are only part of the current user’s profile.
Yes, as described under Restore above, WinSetView creates a backup every run that can be restored at any time. You can also revert the Explorer views to Windows defaults at any time.
Select your desired options in WinSetView, including all desired views for Pictures, Videos, etc.
Check the option Make all folders generic and then click Submit.
In Explorer, open your Pictures folder, click in the white space, select Customize this folder…, select Pictures from the menu, check Also apply this template to all subfolders, and click Apply. Repeat this step for any other folder trees that you wish to set as Pictures. Repeat, similarly, for Documents, Music, and Videos folder types.
If you run WinSetView again with Make all folders generic checked, you will have to do the Customize this folder… procedure again to get your custom views for Pictures (and other special folders) to reappear.
For most users, who want to keep special folders such as Pictures, it’s simpler to leave automatic folder type discovery enabled, set up all the folder types with your preferred views in WinSetView, and use Customize this folder… for the occasional folder that switches to an undesired folder type.
To answer that question, let’s first look at how Explorer selects the views for your folders…
When a folder is opened, Explorer looks for existing view settings in the BagMRU/Bags keys:
HKCU\Software\Classes\Local Settings\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Shell\BagMRU HKCU\Software\Classes\Local Settings\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Shell\Bags
If no settings exist there, it then checks the Streams\Defaults key for any default settings that have been applied using the Apply to Folders button:
If the view settings are not in the Streams\Defaults key, it checks the FolderTypes key in HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE for the default view settings for the folder type that was just opened and applies those settings:
Explorer then saves the settings in an entry in the user’s BagMRU/Bags keys that will be updated whenever the user changes the view for that folder.
Fortunately for us, Explorer will also look for the FolderTypes key in HKEY_CURRENT_USER and, if it exists, use that instead of the one in HKLM:
This provides an opportunity to set our desired default settings without touching the base defaults for the machine and all other users (and not requiring admin privileges).
Note: Default views for all folder types can be found in the FolderTypes key, with the exception of virtual folders such as This PC, Network, Recycle Bin, and Control Panel.
How WinSetView Works:
Here’s an overview of the steps the PowerShell script performs to set Explorer views as per the selected options:
1) Backup the existing user’s registry keys that hold Explorer views
2) Delete those keys (except Streams/Defaults if Keep “Apply to Folders” Views is checked).
3) Set any direct registry entries, such as Show File Extensions and Make All Folders Generic, for the current user.
4) If a custom view for This PC has been selected, create registry entries for that view.
5) Copy FolderTypes key from HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE (HKLM) to HKEY_CURRENT_USER (HKCU).
6) Edit FolderTypes key in HKCU per user’s selections.
7) Restart Explorer.
WinSetView is designed to work with any left to right language. There are currently 33 languages included with WinSetView. If your language is not included, please contact me.
I have not included any right to left languages, such as Arabic, with WinSetView, as I’m not sure if that would be useful. However, if a native speaker tells me it would still be helpful to have their right to left language included, I will certainly add the language.
The WinSetView.exe script looks for a Language folder in the same location as the script. The Language folder contains one folder for each supported language (e.g. en-US). Within each language folder are the following files:
If you wish to edit an existing language, you only need to touch the files Labels.txt and FolderTypes.txt. The Columns and ViewList files contain language strings pulled directly from Windows, so they are already perfectly matched to what Explorer displays.
The Font.txt file contains the default display font for the language.
If you edit FolderTypes and ViewList please be sure to use EXACTLY the same terms that Windows uses.
If you wish to create a new translation, please contact me and I will create all the files so you only have to edit the two machine translated files.
Wherever possible, translated text is pulled directly from Windows (e.g. column headings). Some languages have had the benefit of human translation, but many have been done using online translation software and could use improvement from a native speaker. If you can help with a translation, please contact me!
Please see the Acknowledgment section for any language files that have been hand-corrected.
Please refer to the en-US folder when creating or editing a translation.
Save all edited language files as type Unicode (UTF-16).
Thanks to Jean-Hervé Lescop of Adersoft for updates to VbsEdit to accommodate WinSetView.
Thanks to Keith Miller at TenForums.com for documenting the FolderTypes approach to setting default views.
Thanks to Patrick Hannemann for the German (de-DE) translation.
Thanks to Ringo Xue for the Simplified Chinese (zh-CN) translation.
Thanks to my daughter Dana for the Japanese (ja-JP) translation.
Thanks to my son Brian for HTML/CSS help. If you use Spotify on Android, please check out his Trimify app on the Google Play store.
Thanks to my cat Puddles (2009-2022) for keeping me company while I worked on this.